Subtopic 5.3: Domain C: Independent Functioning
Domain C: Independent Functioning includes services that are necessary
for the independent functioning of students with
exceptionalities. These services include instruction in
organizational strategies, assistance for activities of daily living
and self-care, physical therapy, occupational therapy, orientation and
mobility training, and supervision of students to ensure physical
levels of services are based on the frequency or need for assistance
and/or supervision and the nature and intensity of the interventions.
- Instruction in organizational strategies refers to
specific instruction necessary for a student to be able to function
independently in the general education classroom or have access to
educational programming. These strategies may include instruction
in organizational skills such as time management and the use of
organizational checklists or assignment notebooks.
for activities of daily living and self-care includes reminders,
cueing, direct instruction, and/or personal assistance in toileting,
eating, and personal hygiene.
- Physical therapy refers to a
specially prescribed program directed toward the development,
improvement, or restoration of neuromuscular or sensorimotor function,
relief of pain, or control of postural deviations to attain functional
performance in the educational setting.
- Occupational therapy
refers to a specially designed program directed toward improvement of
significant dysfunction in daily living skills, academic learning
skills, or adaptive social or emotional behavior due to physical, motor
or neurological deficits.
- Orientation and mobility training
refers to the teaching of concepts, skills, and techniques necessary
for a student with a visual impairment to travel safely and efficiently
through any environment.
- Supervision or monitoring of students
includes the observation and reporting of independent behavior, as well
as the provision of direct supervision and assistance to ensure the
physical safety of the student and compliance with school regulations.
Here are the examples by levels.
Requires no services or assistance beyond that which is normally available to all students.
- Reduction of distracting stimuli
- Peer buddy to assist in classroom
- Schoolwide use of daily planner
- Reasonable efforts to protect student from harmful conditions
- Monthly personal assistance with materials or equipment
- Consultation on a monthly basis
- Organizational strategies or adaptations for independent functioning
- Special equipment, furniture, strategies, or adaptations for motor control in the classroom
- Specially designed organizational strategies or adaptations for independent functioning
- Supervision to ensure physical safety during some activities
- Weekly training in self-monitoring of independent living skills
- Weekly monitoring or, or assistance with, independent living skills, materials, or equipment
- Collaboration with teachers, family, agencies, or others
- Supervision to ensure physical safety during most activities
- Personal assistance or supervision in activities of daily living, self-care, and self-management for part of the day
- Special equipment/assistance technology for personal care with frequent assistance
- Regularly scheduled occupational therapy, physical therapy, or orientation and mobility training
REMEMBER: As noted in the Matrix of Services Handbook, within each domain, when
you check services, (italicized terms) please note the last item(s)
marked with "➢" lists the documentation required to use that level of
- Continuous supervision to ensure physical safety
- Personal assistance or supervision in activities of daily living, self-care, and self-management for most or all of the day
- Occupational therapy, physical therapy, or orientation and mobility training more than once a week
- Multiple therapies and services (PT, OT, O&M)
Refer to pages 51-61 in the Matrix of Services Handbook.
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