20th Century - Immigration to Ellis IslandFrom 1892 to 1954, over twelve million immigrants entered the United States through the portal of Ellis Island, a small island in New York Harbor. Ellis Island is located in the upper bay just off the New Jersey coast, within the shadow of the Statue of Liberty. Through the years, this gateway to the new world was enlarged from its original 3.3 acres to 27.5 acres mostly by landfill obtained from ship ballast and possibly excess earth from the construction of the New York City subway system.
From the very beginning of the mass migration that spanned the years (roughly) 1880 to 1924, an increasingly vociferous group of politicians and nativists demanded increased restrictions on immigration. Laws and regulations such as the Chinese Exclusion Act, the Alien Contract Labor Law and the institution of a literacy test barely stemmed this flood tide of new immigrants. Actually, the death knell for Ellis Island, as a major entry point for new immigrants, began to toll in 1921. It reached a crescendo between 1921 with the passage of the Quota Laws and 1924 with the passage of the National Origins Act. These restrictions were based upon a percentage system according to the number of ethnic groups already living in the United States as per the 1890 and 1910 Census. It was an attempt to preserve the ethnic flavor of the "old immigrants", those earlier settlers primarily from Northern and Western Europe. The perception existed that the newly arriving immigrants mostly from southern and eastern Europe were somehow inferior to those who arrived earlier.
Lesson PlansAll Documents are PDFs unless otherwise specified
- Immigration to Ellis Island Lesson Plan (4th Grade)
The Holocaust (with focus on Denmark and the Rescue of Jews) Lesson Plan (4th - 5th Grade)
• Number the Stars Study Guide
Industrial Revolution & Inventions of the 19th century Lesson Plan (3rd - 5th Grade)
Freedom Week / This Land is Your Land Lesson Plan (K - 5th Grade)
• Alphabetical List of Presidents of the United States
• Presidents Research Project
- Elivira Woodruff Returns !
Author Elivira Woodruff returns to present to Broward County Public School’s American Tapestry Grant participants.
TAGH travels to New York City !
Teaching American History Grant Participants traveled to New York City, NY and Philadelphia, PA while participating in the grant.